常壓鍋爐日常安全運行有哪些安全隱患?

1、常壓當承壓使用
將常壓熱水鍋爐直接和自來水或采暖系統密閉循環。也就是將鍋爐本體上與大氣相通的排汽管當做回水管使用,使鍋爐本體始終處于滿水承壓狀態。這種密閉循環方式有兩種危害:第一是當爐水溫度過高時,產生的蒸汽無法排泄出去,因而壓力會不斷上升,爆炸和泄漏事故隨時都有可能發生。第二是即使爐水溫度不高,不會產生大量蒸汽,但由于有循環泵的作用,鍋爐本體承受熱水循環壓力是較高的。
The direct and water pressure hot water boiler or heating system closed loop. That is, the upper body and the atmosphere of the boiler exhaust pipe as a return pipe used to make the boiler body is always in a state full of water pressure. There are two ways this closed loop hazards: The first is when the furnace when the water temperature is too high, the steam produced can not be excreted,so the pressure will continue to rise, explosions and spills can happen at any time. The second is that even if the boiler water temperature is not high, does not produce a lot of steam, but the effect of a circulation pump, the boiler body is subjected to high pressure hot water circulation.
2、質量差,發展緩慢
常壓熱水鍋爐制造廠發展迅速,出現了產品供大于求的情況,有的生產廠家技術力量薄弱,制造質量差,且各廠家之間競爭非常激烈,相互壓價,有的廠家甚至偷工減料。設計不規范。常壓熱水鍋爐與承壓鍋爐相比,有顯著的特點,特別是在熱力和水動力方面,因此常壓熱水鍋爐的結構設計應符合其自身的特點。但目前常壓熱水鍋爐設計還不規范,設計時根本不進行熱力計算和水動力計算,常壓熱水鍋爐的設計基本上是在承壓鍋爐的基礎上改為開口形式而已,其它結構原樣復制,致使鍋爐水循環不良,浪費能源。
Pressure hot water boiler factory has developed rapidly, product oversupply situation emerged, some manufacturers of technical weakness, poor manufacturing quality, and competition among manufacturers is fierce, lower prices, and even some manufacturers cut corners. Design is not standardized. Compared with pressure hot water boiler pressure boiler, a significant features,especially in the heat and water power, and therefore the structural design pressure hot water boiler should be consistent with its own characteristics. But the pressure hot water boiler design is still not standardized, do not be calculated thermodynamic calculation and hydrodynamic design, the pressure hot water boiler is basically designed to form the basis of the opening pressure of the boiler on it, other structures intact replication, resulting in poor circulation boilers, waste of energy.
3、安裝混亂。近年來從事常壓熱水鍋爐安裝的隊伍越來越多,安裝隊伍復雜,安裝質量難于控制。鍋爐房位置選擇與施工也非;靵y,有的還未按《鍋爐房設計規范》進行設計和施工。
Installation confusion. In recent years engaged in pressure hot water boiler installation team more and more complex installation team, difficult to control the quality of the installation. Select the location and construction of the boiler room is also very confusing, and some yet to press the "boiler room design specifications" for design and construction.

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